What is the pH of water? This is the question that usually arises in everyone’s mind and this question arises because the pH value of water determines the hardness and softness of water. The pure water has got pH 7 and the water with low pH is supposed to be acidic. Similarly the water with pH more than 7 is supposed to be basic and the pure cleaned water falls in the range category of 6.5 to 8.5 and of the groundwater systems, this range starts from 6 and ends at 8.5. Alkalinity refers to the measurement of the capacity of water in resisting a pH that could make water more acidic. The measurements of pH and alkalinity both determines the water’s corrosiveness. Generally, the pH of water less than 6.5 makes the water soft, corrosive and acidic and the acidic water contains ions, like iron, copper, lead, manganese and zinc. In fact, there are high levels of harmful toxic contents present in the acidic water.
Acidic contents in water
There could also be severe effects of drinking acidic water as it can damage the working of our brain. Not only the harm to human body, acidic water can also block the piping and leaves color staining on sinks and drains. The health risks which are associated with this contaminated water are too much. The basic and the primary that could be adopted for the treatment of the low pH water are to use the neutralizer. With the help of a neutralizer, a solution is added to the water which makes the acidic and basic water reaction free and stops the water from doing any reaction with the plumbing and electrolytic. The typical and the most commonly used chemical for the neutralization of water is soda ash and its chemical name is sodium carbonate. It works well and increases the content of sodium in the water due to which the water’s pH increases. When the pH of water rises from the range 8.5 the water is harder and the hard water normally doesn’t pose any serious impact on the human health. This is just the alkali water that makes the taste bitter. It can also change the taste of dishes and is soluble with detergents and soap. It can also leave insoluble marks over the clothes after washing.
Research and Studies
According to the research and study conducted in the Wilkes University, it was concluded that the water needs to be tested on a regular basis and this conclusion was made because the pH gets associated with the temperature and the atmospheric gases due to which samples are needed to be tested. The other thing that was shown up by the study is that the acidic or the basic nature of the water and its strength is not measured by the value of water and it is also not enough to determine the limitations and characteristics of the water supply.
Ideal pH levels
As it is suggested above that the ideal pH that should be present in the water contents of daily use should be in between 6 to 8.5. The pH equilibrium is maintained by the human body on regular basis and it is not determined by the consumption of water.
What is the pH of water and how it is related to alkalinity
Alkalinity of water doesn’t mean the same way as the alkalis yet the alkalinity and the pH of water are bounded in a close relation with each other but still they have some differences from each other. The alkalinity of any substance and content including water refers to the ability of that substance to get neutralized in acid. It is actually a test which determines about the change in pH of water.
Another term is used to relate this phenomenon and that is acid neutralization capacity. If some contents of water are high in alkalinity then the pH changes could be limited and this could be so because of acidic rain or any other factors which are especially related to the pollution. The alkalinity and the alkaline components of water are increased due to the richness of carbonated soil in the water. Limestone and aerobic respiration are some examples. When these carbonated components are present in water than this alkalinity is becomes closely related to hardness of the water even more than that of water pH. However still there is a chance that the change in the pH level of water can affect the alkalinity of water and the relationship between the alkalinity and the pH of water is direct when there is 100 percent air saturation. The alkalinity of water also proves to be important in daily pH levels and this is mainly linked with the process of photosynthesis. In photosynthesis, plants and algae consumes the hydrogen and the pH level of the water increases. Similarly the pH level of the water is also decreased due to the decomposition and respiration processes.
Health concerns related to the water pH
Well, acidic water can be harmful in some instances but there is one benefit of drinking alkaline water as it eases the symptoms of acid reflux. And evidence which shows that the drinking of basic water is helpful is the slow process of bone loss in human body. But still these studies doesn’t show any proof regarding the dangers and harmful impacts of drinking acidic water.
Effects of Acidic Water
- Acidic water normally is sour or metallic in taste.
- It stains the laundry.
- It also stains the sinks and other fixtures of household in blue-green colors.
Effects of Alkaline Water
- It tastes bitter.
- It can get scaled buildup in the plumbing.
- Basic water can decrease the efficiency of water heaters.
These effects of water pH have nothing to do with human health but they can be harmful for the budgets.
Treatments for water pH
What is the pH of water is necessary to be known. For the acidic water, neutralizers can be used as a treatment as they can balance the acidic water. The water softening system can be a treatment for basic water.