A tension headache is the most occurred type of a headache in humans. In the start, there is a bit of pain in your head and eyes, and then it starts increasing, and the pain reaches your neck too. This pain is mild at the start but sometimes can be unbearable. Some people have also said that having a tension headache feels like if they’ve tied a fit band on their head. These headaches are not permanent. They occur from time to time, and people don’t know how to get rid of a tension headache. The average of this headache is from 3-4 times a month. These headaches most of the times are chronic, and they sometimes last for more than 15 days which is problematic for the people. According to a survey, it has been proven that females tend to have more tension headaches than men do have.
Reasons for tension headaches
The main reason for the occurrence of a tension headache is the contraction of the muscles of the neck and head. There are several foods which can also be the cause of tension headaches. Some stressors and activities could also lead you to severe tension headaches. There are some cases when people start having tension headaches when they look at the computer screen for a comparatively extended period. Driving for the whole day without rest can also cause tension headaches in people. Low temperature and cold weathers are also the reason for tension headaches in people.
The other main and highly essential reasons to cause a tension headache can include an excessive dosage of alcohol. Extra strain on the eye by staring on screens could also be the cause. Dry eyes often lead to tension headaches. Tension headaches could even be happened because of fatigue. People who are new to smoking have more chance to have a tension headache. Cold and flu can also cause problems, and sinus infections could be a reason too. People who are not used to of taking excessive caffeine could have tension headaches, but as they become used to of it, problems disappear. Taking too much emotional stress can cause severe tension headaches.
The significant symptoms for a tension headache may include the following:
- Tedious head pain
- The pressure in the region of the forehead
- Tenderness of scalp
Usually, the tension headaches are not so severe. They are mild, but in some conditions, they could be intensive. People generally can’t find the difference between a migraine and a tension headache. These two are different things. A migraine is a severe pain on both sides of the head. Tension headaches are somehow similar to the migraines but they have some features different like the nauseous feeling is in a migraine. Tension headaches could also irritate noise and light.
In severe tension headaches, there may be a chance that could have a brain tumour. Doctors generally prescribe some tests in those conditions depending upon the symptoms and signs of your headache. The doctor can also suggest MRI or X-ray.
Treatment of a Tension Headache
There could be several ways to get the treatment of a tension headache, and some of them are mentioned in the following:
1- Medications and care
You can get help from conventional painkillers like aspirin if the pain is mild. But don’t take painkillers regularly. Take them when they are highly needed. According to a report, excessive intake of OTC medicines can cause rebound headaches in people. People who are addicted to these medicines experience more pains and there comes a time when these headaches can’t get treated with antibiotics. In some situations, OTC medicines can’t be the cure of tension headaches, and there could be some alternatives to it as:
If the problems don’t get cured by these medications, then the doctor can also suggest muscle relaxants to you. The other treatments for tension headaches could include:
- Stress management classes
- Cognitive behavioural therapy
There are some supplements which could be used as a treatment:
- coenzyme Q10
Some of the home remedies for treating tension headache could include the following:
- Applying an ice pack or heating pad to head
- Taking a shower with hot water for relaxation of muscles
- Make improvements to your posture
- Take the break from using the computer
However, these mentioned remedies are not permanent treatments for the tension headaches, yet they can stop a problem temporarily.
How to prevent tension headaches in future
There could be the specific reasons for tension headaches, and by knowing those reasons, you can avoid these headaches to cause in future. Make a diary and note your eating routine on it. Note about your daily intake of meals and beverages. Write down about your daily activities. Also, mention the tension headache routines and analyse the causes. This is how you’ll get to know about the origins of tension headaches, and you’ll control the things which could be a cause of a tension headache in future.
The viewpoint of people having tension headaches
Tension headaches could be cured with medications not permanently but temporarily. These headaches don’t cause any severe damage to a person but could affect the lifestyle. You find it difficult to take part in physical activities. If this headache becomes unbearable for you, contact your doctor.
If a tension headache becomes severe, don’t avoid it. Immediately contact your doctor and seek medical help. Severe tension headaches may include:
- Indistinct speech
- High fever
Having these issues while having tension headaches can lead to severe problems like a brain tumour or stroke. The remedies and treatments for tension headaches could not permanently treat a headache but can cure them temporarily. Remember that in case of a severe problem, you need to immediately contact your doctor to have better assistance and help to heal a tension headache.